Monday, 4 May 2015

Childhood risk factors for persistent delinquency

Childhood risk factors for persistent delinquency

Individual factors
  • Early antisocial behavior
  • Emotional factors, such as high behavioral activation and low behavioral inhibition
  • Poor cognitive development
  • Low intelligence
  • Hyperactivity

School and community factors
  • Failure to bond to school
  • Poor academic performance
  • Low academic aspirations
  • Living in poor family
  • Neighborhood disadvantage
  • Disorganized neighborhood
  • Concentration of delinquent peer groups
  • Access to weapons

Family factors
  • Parenting
  • Maltreatment
  • Family violence
  • Divorce
  • Parental psychopathology
  • Familiar antisocial behavior
  • Teenage parenthood
  • Family structure
  • Large family size

Peer factors
  • Association with deviant peers
  • Peer rejection


Source: Gail Wasserman, Kate Keenan, Richard Tremblay, John Coie, Todd Herrenkohl, Rolf Loeber and David Petechuk, “Risk and Protective Factors of Child Delinquency”- Child Delinquency bulletin series

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